Mononucleosis,also termed as ‘Mono’ is a common viral infection causing fever, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes etc. Known in the medical world by numerous different names like glandular disease, Filatov’s disease and Pfeiffer’s disease, this ailment is most commonly caused by EBV, anomnipresent, highly infective virus, affecting mostly teenagers and adults. With serious complications or fatalities rarely occurring, Mononucleosis may disturb your daily schedule for a week or two.
Mono normally does not require special medicare and gets cured with simple home treatments like drinking plenty of water, taking lot of rest, consuming balanced diets and supplementing your diet with vitamins.
Statistics project a somewhat gloomy picture about ‘Mono’ with only 1% to 3% collegians suffering from this disease as against 90%-95% of adultsalready been infected with EBV.Mononucleosis usually spreads through saliva or phlegm of an infected person. Also, rightfully called as Kissing Disease (as it also spreads through kissing), Mononucleosis is occasionally caused due to sneezing, coughing or sharing things with an infected person
Mono Symptoms In Adults are more severe than the symptoms in youngsters and take more time to recuperate. This is because the power of immunity in adults denigratesfaster with age as compared to that of the youngsters. Normal Mono Symptoms In Adults include sore throat, fever, swollen lymph nodes in the groin, underarms and neck. Further effects include extreme fatigue, weakness, rashes, headache and loss of appetite.
But, one of the most serious Mono Symptoms In Adultsinvolves the spleen. Nearly half of the affected adults confront this symptom with their spleen swelling up to twice its standarddimension. In such a case, doctors recommend to abstain from lifting any kind of heavy material for atleast a month that may cause the spleen to rupture. Further complexities may obligate a complete bed rest and limited physical activity for a longer period. Also, even after the disease has been cured, a person may face the lethargy for some more days.
Here is an elaboration of Mono Symptoms In Adults:-
- Fatigue-It is most common symptom of Mono, leading to weariness and exhaustion. It may last for several months altogether
- Weakness-It enervates the body making you lethargic and drowsy
- Sore Throat-Throat infection causes throat irritation. It is often caused by Streptococcus bacteria and sometimes even antibiotics prove ineffectual.
- Fever-A low grade fever may result from Mono disease. It may last long over a span of around 7 to 10 days. High fever, lasting for more than 7 days needs an expert consult.
- Swollen Lymph Nodes-Lymph nodes are various glands present in human body with a prime function of filtering barbarian objects inside the body. Swollen lymph nodes are principalMono Symptoms In Adults. They Result into swollen tonsils, eyelids and spleen and may last over a month
- Skin Rash- The skin may engender a pink rash, resembling a measel rash. This rash is presumably developed if unwanted antibiotics are prescribed to cure sore throat.
- Loss of Appetite- General weakness is accompanied with loss of appetite. Increased consumption of fluids to prevent dehydration is an ideal abrader against loss of appetite.
- Muscle aches and stiffness
- Abdominal Pain-Abdominal pain may range from mild to severe pain
- White stains in throat
- Gum bleeding or bruising
- Loss of chill-It causes a loss of sensation towards cold
- Nausea for most types of food
- Upset Stomach with bloated liver
- Weight loss
- Mild Jaundice causing a yellowish hueon the skin
- Liver Problem-Mono disease affects liver by drastically increasing the level of liver enzymes in 90% of the patients.
- Sensitivity to light
- Breathing problem and chest pain- The breathing obstruction may be due to airway blockage owing to swollen lymph nodes.
- Hasty and lopsided heartbeats
- Seldom bleeding in the nose
- Increase in WBC-Increase in the count of WBC’s, called as atypical lymphocytes, is common symptom of Mono disease.
- Seizure- A seizure occurs with anomalous functioning of brain, resulting in a change in level of attention, movement, or awareness
- Inflammation of skin is also a common symptom.
- Presence of Hetrophile-Hetrophile, a typical antibody is frequentlyencountered in a patient’s body diagnosed with mono disease.
- Enlargement of Spleen-This is one of the serious effects of Mononucleosis. The spleen located in upper abdomen bloats and weakens due to this disease. Normally, the spleen regains its original size within few weeks, failing which, consulting a physician is recommended.
Though Mononucleosis is not a fatal disease, persistent symptoms like sore throat, swollen tonsils,bloated spleen or sudden sporadic pain in your upper abdomen may be a cause of worry and it is highly advisable to consult a medical expert under such circumstances. Although rare, the intermittent pain in the upper abdomen may signify a ruptured spleen.
The incubation period (time that elapses between inception of the disease and observation of the first symptoms) can be up to 6 weeks. Symptoms of mononucleosis generally last from 1 week to 4 weeks, but it might require more than two months to revitalize completely.
Even though the aforementioned Mono Symptoms In Adults project a somber picture of mononucleosis disease, the situation is not as appalling as it seems. Mono is a non-fatal disease which is cured, in most of the cases, by resorting to simple and salubrious daily habits. Mentioned below are some important, yet easy to follow guidelines for curing mono disease:-
- Consume Tylenol or Advil for fever and pain control, of course, in consultation with a physician.
- Lukewarm saltwater gargling can help soothe a sore throat.
- Prevent dehydration by drinking bounty of water as well as other fluids like juices.
- Resort to anabsolute rest and keep physical activity to a minimum level.
- Avoid arduous work outs or al fresco activities for atleast a month, to prevent rupturing of the swollen spleen. You may resume your daily chores only with the consent of your physician.
Infectious mono is generally self-contained, although sometimes protracted, and often uncomfortable illness. While an explicit treatment is hardly necessary, the probable complications that may erupt make it essential for the victims to remain under the protégé of a physician.